23 May Rain Slows Texas and Oklahoma Progress
Mixed emotions reign amongst Texas harvesters. Winter wheat yields are across the board, and rains in the High Plains have allowed for less irrigation. Conversely, too much rain has slowed harvest in the central part of the state. Rust has also been a sporadic issue for some producers.
Oklahoma was experiencing one of the top spring harvests in the nation. Ninety-five percent of wheat was in the soft dough stage of development, 33 points ahead of the five-year average. Farmers have had ideal conditions and are working across the state to take full advantage of the premiere weather. The wheat harvest was 14 percent complete by Sunday.
Statewide, 63 percent of the wheat crop had turned color, well ahead of 4 percent last year and the 5-year average of 2 percent. The Central, South Central, and Southeast Districts have been home to the top crops, with over 85 percent turning. The South Central and Southeast Districts are also reporting 14 percent and 19 percent matured, respectively. However, pest and problems have been identified; most of the damage is listed as light to moderate. 29 percent of crops have been reported to have disease damage, but it is primarily light.
The growth of winter wheat has shot to a level 62 percentage points ahead of the five- year average. A majority of reports list the crop in mostly good to fair condition, with 7 percent reported to have turned color by last week. 98 percent of the spring wheat had been seeded, with conditions being comparable to the winter crop.
Though the crop is advancing compared to last year, adverse conditions are taking a toll on wheat growth. Wheat headed was 81 percent, 9 days ahead of the average. Wheat conditions declined and are rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. The good to excellent numbers are still lagging below average, but exceeding 2011’s 52 percent.
Both spring and winter wheat are standing strong in South Dakota. 79 percent of the state’s spring wheat is classified at good to excellent, with 69 percent of the winter wheat reporting in the same category. Spring wheat is at 45 percent boot and 2 percent headed. Winter wheat is at 88 percent boot and 39 percent headed.
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