12 Jun Tracy: So You Say You Wanna Be A Wheatie
Manley, Nebraska – I manage a couple of Facebook pages that are harvest related and I get this question often, “How do I start my own harvest business?”
Most of the time, it’s someone who already owns a combine and wants to hit the road.
Because we are still at home, I’ve been enjoying the beauty of spring. It was such a long, brutal winter I almost feel like I deserve this extra time at home to soak up all the beauty.
I usually get excited when I’m approached with questions about the ins and outs of this business. It’s been a passion of mine for most of my life. However, the past several years have been some of our more challenging times – even more so than the early 1980s – and it’s starting to even wear me down. So, let me try to answer this by simply stating some wheatie need-to-knows.
Having a combine is an important part of this equation. But having a combine that is used for two weeks and then parked in a shed for the rest of the year is way different than having a combine that is used for six months. When you’re out on the road and depending on that machine to do the job it is supposed to do, you want it in top-notch condition. This is the number one reason we like to trade machines every other year. It seems after that second year, you start putting quite a bit of money into repairs and parts. I don’t remember not making payments on a combine. Our combine debt will never go away until we make the decision to quit. And we all know what a combine costs … $500,000 plus.
If you have the combine, you have to have headers. Which ones will you be using? Well, you’ll have to have the wheat head—draper, conventional, or stripper—if you’re making the wheat run. Will you be cutting corn in the fall? Then you need a corn head. What about picking crop off the ground? A pick-up head is a must! Depending on what you want to have, new or used, a new one shouldn’t cost more than $100,000.
The Beast showing off the MacDon header.
The corn that was planted before all the rain is growing so nicely with the warmer temps we’ve been having. Come October … it will be harvested with a corn head.
Now to get this equipment down the road you’ll need the necessary items to create your “train.” A power source, or truck, is required. Most harvesters use semis. The tractor pulls the combine trailer and the grain trailer or header trailer. Each combine will need its own truck—unless you plan on making multiple trips from one stop to another.
This is our “train.”
Will you include a tractor and grain cart? We opted not to do this because of the additional expenses of owning the tractor, the grain cart—another $200,000—and then paying someone to run it. I know it’s been said a grain cart is like having a second combine but we couldn’t justify them being included in our low-budget operation.
A service truck is necessary to haul all the tools needed while on the road and in the field. Ours includes a fuel tank. There are also mobile fuel tanks that can be pulled behind a vehicle. It just depends on how many gallons of fuel you need to get to the equipment every day. Oh … and don’t forget the air compressor!
We didn’t have a “real” service pickup until just a few years ago. It’s pretty darn sweet!
A place to hang your hat at the end of the day requires more decisions to be made. Will you purchase a trailer house or live in a motel every night? You must consider the cost of staying in an RV park for $25 plus per night versus the cost of a motel at $75 per night. Will you want to cook your own meals versus eating in restaurants? One thing to think about before you make this decision are rain days—you will have them. Would you rather hang out in your own space or a motel room? If you’re taking your family … I would definitely persuade you to purchase your own “home on wheels.”
Our “home away from home.”
And what about labor? This seems to be one of the top concerns for the custom harvester these days. Finding someone who wants to work the hours we have to work is not easy. When the sun shines and the wheat is ready to cut, you’ve got to cut wheat! The days are not typically 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., five days a week. You work when the weather allows. Weather is king on harvest. Oh … and those employees will be paid for the rain days, as well as the days the sun is shining. Expect to pay approximately $3,000 per month per employee.
Don’t forget about insurance for the combine, vehicles and workers comp! For ease of figuring, let’s make this number a “per machine” expense at $15,000 to $20,000.
Now for the rules and regulations of being on the road. Once you cross state lines, you throw off the “wheatie” hat and put on the “trucker” hat. You will have to know the rules and regulations for each state you enter and what permits are needed. All crew members driving semis are required to carry a Class A CDL in their wallet. Will you participate in International Fuel Tax Agreement? You will if your trucks have apportioned plates and fuel license. Don’t forget the Form MCS-150 and the Unified Carrier Registration! The days of jumping in the trucks and just going are gone.
This was the one and only time we were able to get all our “fleet” up and down the road in one trip. After this year, the girls quit going with us and now it once again takes us two trips to get everything moved. This picture is missing the Frank pulling the header trailer.
Now that you’re loaded, got your trailer house packed and the crew rounded up … you’re ready to hit the road. Where are you going? This is becoming more and more difficult to figure out. With wheat acres being incredibly low and commodity prices not where they should be, farmers are hiring less and less. We tend to rely on our harvest friends—others who are doing the same thing we’re doing. It’s not as easy as it used to be to find those acres that are so desperately needed.
Our job isn’t possible without the farmer and the crops he/she grows. If there is no crop, there is no income. We have no safety net in the form of insurance. With the commodity prices and the weather, things are looking a bit ugly for the harvester right now. We depend on the summer wheat run to make everything work. When the summer crops are replaced with row crops or cotton, we struggle.
Being a wheatie is more than just loading a combine and moving from farm to farm. Looking back, it has been an awesome lifestyle for us. It allowed us to work together as a family. We’ve met some of the best people in the whole country. And it runs deep in my soul. I will forever be grateful for the past 37 years of owning a combine and making this our life. And, ultimately, God has a plan and I have to believe it’s a good one—whether it includes a combine or not.
Are you up for the challenge?
Until then … “For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the Lord, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future.” Jeremiah 29:11